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Buy Vipera Ammodytes Venom Online

Ammodytes are found in Austria (Kärnten, Südsteiermark), northern Italy, western Hungary, Croatia (including some adriatic islands), Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Monte Negro, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece (including Paros, Antiparos, Strongylo, andros), Turkey, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Georgia, and Azerbaijan.

Per the WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulines, the Vipera ammodytes ammodytes species is the most medically significant in Central Europe, according to the Vipera ammodytes species is the most medically significant in Central Europe.

The venom of the Vipera ammodytes ammodytes is used in the production of antivenom immunoglobulins that are targeted specifically at these countries’ populations.

It is extracted from the venom of the Vipera ammodytes, which contains the ammodytins I1, I2, Vipoxins A, B(PLA2s), Disintegrin VA6, Serine proteases Inhibitors 1 and 3, svVEGF Vammin, and Ammodytins I1, I2.

For research purposes, it is known that the venom of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes contains Presynaptic neurotoxins, as well as Procoagulants and Haemorrhagins, among other things.

lyophilized venom is sold in vacuum sealed glass vials containing 500 mg and 1 g of venom, respectively.

The Viperidae family of Scaled (Squamata) reptiles includes approximately 270 species throughout the world, which are subdivided into two subfamilies: the Crotalins (Crotalinae), which are restricted to the American continent, and the Viperins (Viperinae), which are found in Europe, Asia, and Africa. They are all equipped with “solenoglyph” teeth, which are hollow on the inside and allow venom to pass through, as well as retractile teeth, which allow them to close when in resting position.

Each species, depending on the type of venom it produces, which is used to kill and digest its prey, can cause one of four types of physical reactions: proteolytic, coagulant, hemolytic, and neurotoxic. Proteolytic reactions are the most common.

A particularly neurotoxic action is caused by the horned viper (Linnaeus, 1758), which causes the subject to become paralysed after ingesting the poison. In contrast to other vipers, which are almost all only moderately dangerous, this one is capable of killing a person. In fact, it is the most venomous of the European species, but it is also the least aggressive and most timid, making it difficult to come across.

A terrifying close-up of the head, which features the typical frontal small horn, which is approximately 5 mm in length. The viperids are snales that have advanced significantly in evolution. Not only do they protect their eggs within the mother’s body, but their venomous teeth are hollow: long folding syringes that allow them to inject their powerful venom into the body with no waste and deep into the body. In the rattlesnakes, this group of reptiles has taken yet another incredible step forward, developing infrared dimples that allow them to see their prey clearly even at night and in complete darkness. Giuseppe Mazza is a well-known Italian author and poet.

‘Vipera’ is derived from the name given to these serpents by the Romans, which is derived from the word “viviparous,” which means that it gives birth to live children, emphasising the fact that this reptile has eggs that open inside the uterine sac, with newborns who are already able to move, just like mammals. The fact that the reptiles are ovoviviparous during their gestation may indicate that they have progressed through an evolutionary stage in their world. When it comes to the specific name ammodytes, which is derived from the Greek words “ammos” (arena) and “dyo” (to enter), from which we might infer the action of easily penetrating into the sand, we can say that it is an odd choice that does not correspond to reality, given that this species is restricted to rocky environments.

Vipera ammodytes meridionalis Boulenger, 1903, was found in central-southern Greece; Vipera ammodytes montidoni Boulenger, 1904, in Albania, Macedonia, western Turkey, Romania, and Bulgaria; and Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana Boulenger, 1913, found in eastern Turkey and Georgia. The fourth and final species, Vipera ammodytes ammodytes, is widely distributed throughout the rest of the species’ range.

The following are the terms used in the main languages: vipera dal corno (Italian), nose horned viper (English), Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotte (German), Vbora cornuda (Spanish), Koino ochiá (Greek), Boynuzlu engerek (Turkish), Nosataya gadyuka (Russian), Nosataya gadyuka ( (Russian).

Zoogeography

The Vipera ammodytes can be found in Austria, Slovenia, Croatia (including islands), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia, Albania (including Ada island), and all the way up to Greece (with islands of the Aegean and Ionian Seas). Towards the east: all the way up to Georgia and north-eastern Turkey

The only places where it can be found in Italy are the north-eastern regions of Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Sardinia is devoid of this venomous serpent, as well as of any other venomous serpents.

It is absent from the rest of Europe, that is, from the entire western portion of the continent.

The primary reason for its erratic territorial distribution can be attributed to its “stenoecian” nature, which can be defined as a reduced ecological tolerance, in which small or very small variations in environmental factors have an adverse effect on its existence and may even cause it to become extinct.

Ecology-Habitat

The horned viper is constantly on the lookout for the sunniest spots, and prefers rocky zones and screes, which are able to accumulate heat, as well as the dry shores of streams, the walls of piled-up stones, and sinkholes. As a result, the species is completely absent from the water, in part due to its clumsy structure, which prevents it from making smooth movements that are appropriate for such an environment. For the same reason, it is unable to climb trees and can only reach a few low shrubs before giving up. Smilax aspera is easily distinguished from Helichrysum italicum (curry plant), Salvia officinalis (common sage), and Salvia officinalis (common sage) in its preferred herbaceous habitat (rough bindweed).

Morpho-physiology

The Vipera ammodytes Linnaeus, 1758 can be distinguished from other species by the presence of a frontal horn (approximately 5 mm in length), which has a soft consistency and is covered with small scales, which is a distinctive feature among these species. The size ranges from 60 to 90 cm, with one metre being the most unusual. The back is a pale grey colour with whitish tones in it.

Small white dots and black spots can also be found on the abdomen. Throughout its length, an obvious zigzagging pattern, formed by lozenges that are linked together up to the tail, can always be observed. The head, which is robust and clearly visible, is adorned with dark marks that are distinct and U- or V-shaped, which may be reminiscent of the shape of a gripper. Females are typically less drawn, with paler lines and a more delicate appearance. A sort of protruding brow can be seen above the left eyeball. It has been observed that specimens with orange, reddish, or pale brown chromatisms exist on occasion. In this subspecies, it is possible to see specimens with an orange or yellow tail feather.

Ethology-Reproductive Biology

The Vipera ammodytes is a predator that hunts by waiting patiently for its prey. It easily scales the cliffs, where it is completely at ease and at ease with itself. The primary sources of nutrition are mammals, birds, saurians, and arthropods. Sorex araneus, Sorex alpinus (common shrew and alpine shrew), Microtus arvalis (common vole), and Glis glis are some of the first species we have to mention (edible dormouse). It is possible to catch Erithacus rubecula (robin), Parus major (great tit), and Motacilla alba (white-throated sparrow) among the birds (white wagtail).

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500 Miligrams, 1 Gram, 3 Grams, 5 Grams, 10 Grams

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