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Description

Buy Schismaderma Carens Toad Venom Online

Schismaderma carens can be purchased online. Toad Venom Online is widely available in Central and Southeast Africa, as well as the Middle East. The northernmost parts of its range include northern Tanzania and Olorgesailie in southern Kenya, which are the most northern points on the continent.

The species can be found all the way down to the southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, eastern Angola, and Western Zambia, as well as in the southeastern Botswana, southern Mozambique, Swaziland, Malawi, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, among other places. Although it has not been documented in Lesotho, it is possible that it exists there as well (Poynton et al. 2004).

The Red Toad can survive in a wide variety of habitats, but it is most commonly found in grassland and wooded savannah. It can also be found on livestock ranches, in the vicinity of human settlements, and on agricultural land, among other places. This species is found on land and breeds in freshwater bodies.

Its breeding grounds are usually bodies of deep, still water, including bodies of dirty water (Poynton et al. 2004) contaminated with toad venom.

By stroking the areas around live Bufo alvarius toads’ paratoid glands in order to cause the toad to excrete its venom, venom smokers can’milk’ live Bufo alvarius toads of their poison. This venom is caught on a piece of glass or a mirror and allowed to dry into a crystal-like form that can be smoked after it has been dried out.

Schismaderma carens, also known as the Red Toad, is a toad that ranges in size from moderate to large. Males can grow to be 88 mm in snout-vent length, while females can grow to be 92 mm. This toad’s back is less warty than the backs of many other toads of the same size. It runs from above the tympanum to the hind leg, and it is distinguished by a distinct dorsolateral glandular ridge. The lower edge of the dorsolateral ridge is darker than the outer part of the ridge. Despite its large size and round shape, the tympanum has a diameter that is approximately equivalent to that of the eye. The parotoid glands are not visible in this image. There is a tarsal fold present. Breeding males have vocal sacs on their first three fingers, as well as nuptial pads on their first three fingers to aid in amplexus formation (Channing and Howell 2006). Toad Venom (Schismaderma carens) can be purchased online.

A pair of small dark brown spots on the lower back, as well as another pair of markings on the shoulders, distinguish the back of the animal. The Red Toad’s dorsal coloring is reddish, thus the common name “Red Toad.” When the ground color is pale brown or even pinkish, it is considered a good match. The flanks are either very light or very dark in color. Gray spots can be found on the underside (Channing and Howell 2006).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Despite the fact that the Red Toad is widespread, it is much easier to locate when it is breeding (Poynton et al. 2004). Males call while floating in shallow water to advertise their presence to females, and this occurs primarily in the middle of the summer (Channing and Howell 2006). When the call is made, it sounds like a loud, long whoop that lasts 0.9-1.2 seconds and has dominant harmonics between 0.1 and 0.8 kHz in pitch. Calls are made at all hours of the day.

When there has been a lot of rain, the toad will breed during the day in deep muddy water. Prior to the females, males arrive at the breeding grounds, which are among the younger vegetation in deep water, before the females. Dense spacing is the norm, with males as close as 300 mm apart from one another on the mating grounds. In order to mate with another frog, the males call and chase each other around the area where they are breeding. In response to the calls, females begin to enter the vicinity. During amplexus, the eggs are laid in a double string while the pair is moving slowly through the water, resulting in rows of egg strings being laid. Females leave shortly after laying their eggs, and the eggs may be attached to vegetation or other objects. The clutch size is 2500 eggs, with each egg measuring between 1.6 and 2.5 mm in diameter. Given the fact that a large number of toads lay their eggs at the same time, the waters can become overrun with hundreds of thousands of eggs at a time. During the period of development from egg to toadlet, the time span ranges between 37 and 52 days.

The Red Toad has gregarious tadpoles, which are sometimes found in swarms with tadpoles of the African bullfrog Pyxicephalus adspersus, which is a close relative of the Red Toad. The horseshoe-shaped flap of skin on the head of these tadpoles gives them a distinct morphological appearance (Channing 2001; Channing and Howell 2006).

The adult moults at intervals of four days (Channing and Howell 2006). Schismaderma carens can be purchased online. Toad Venom Can Be Purchased Online.

Trends and Threats
In terms of abundance and distribution, the Red Toad is a fairly common and widespread species that is not currently threatened. Draconis nymphs, helmeted terrapins (Pelomedusa subrufa), the hammerkop (Scopus umbretta), and hinged terrapins (genus Pelusios) are among the predators that may prey on tadpoles in the wild. Juvenile Red Toads are preyed upon by the savanna vine snake Thelotornis capensis; however, adult Red Toads are preyed upon by the white-lipped snake Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia and the eagle owl Bubo lateus (Channing and Howell 2006).

Relation to Humans
The Red Toad is often found in close proximity to humans, which makes it a dangerous species.

Comments

The specific name carens comes from the Latin word for “lack,” and it refers to the absence of parotoid glands in this species (Channing and Howell 2006). In addition to these names, the Red-backed toad is also known as the African split-skin toad, kazoli in Lwena and Manganja, conga in Sena, naliwonde in Yao, raoiskurwepadda in Afrikaans, and zonde in Chewa, among others.

According to biochemical evidence, S. carens has been separated from other toads for approximately 55 million years, during the course of evolutionary history (Channing 2001). Toad Venom (Schismaderma carens) can be purchased online.

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500 Miligrams, 1 Gram, 3 Grams, 5 Grams, 10 Grams

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