TGIFF!!!! Thanks to God, it’s FROG FRIDAY again. Kassina’s Bubbling Kassina is featured today (Kassina senegalensis). The Bubbling Kassina is a very distinctive-looking frog, thanks to its olive-green skin colour that can appear almost gold in some lighting. People from the Taita Hills in Kenya have regular black spots on their dorsum, each of which has a white ring around it, whereas other people have stripes on their dorsum (Measey et al. 2009, SANBI).

This species, known as the Bubbling Kassina, can be found almost everywhere in sub-Saharan Africa. There are suitable habitats for this species in a variety of habitat types at low and high altitudes throughout the world, from Senegal to Somalia and southward to South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho (text from Minter et al., 2004, SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).

The photograph displayed here is FrogMAP record number 62, and it was taken in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. By submitting your photos to FrogMAP, you can aid in the conservation of this magnificent frog.

Bubbling Kassinas (Kassina senegalensis) are medium-sized (30–40 mm) walking frogs that can be found in the eastern halve of South Africa as well as many other countries in southern and eastern Africa. They prefer vleis and grassland areas as their habitat.

These frogs have large eyes and bullet-shaped bodies with smooth, glossy skin, which distinguishes them from other species. The coloration of the bodies ranges from cream to olive, with white bellies and a solid wide dark stripe down the middle of the back and broken stripes down the sides, respectively.

Kassina Senegalensis Toad Venom is available for purchase at a low price from Black Venom Pharmacy. The Bubbling Kassina is a very distinctive-looking frog, thanks to its olive-green skin color that can appear almost gold in some lighting. Kenyan populations from the Taita Hills are covered with regular black spots with a white ring around each one, while other populations have stripes on the dorsum. This species, known as the Bubbling Kassina, can be found almost everywhere in sub-Saharan Africa. Suitable habitats at low and high elevations can be found throughout the world, from Senegal to Somalia, and southward to South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho.

Defense skin secretions of amphibians are complex, species-specific mixtures of biologically active molecules, including a large number of previously unidentified peptides. Many of these peptides have been post-translationally modified, and disulfide bonds have been discovered to occur quite frequently in the modifications of amphibian defence peptides that have been discovered thus far. The presence of this PTM frequently causes difficulties in MS-based sequencing. A PTM-driven differential display is used in this study to target peptides containing inter/intra-molecular S-S bonds. This is the first time that this method has been demonstrated.